map of Uzbekistan; source WR UZBEKISTAN

[Uzbekiston] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Ûzbekiston
country code ISO: UZ //; - FIPS: UZ
location: Central Asia
time zone: +5 UT
surface (land) area: 447400 sq.km = 172700 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 46° N / South: 37° N / East: 73° E / West: 56° E
borders (land): Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan
borders (coastline): none
climate: harsh continental
Government
independent since: 1991-08-31
type of government: republic
capital: To`'skent (Tashkent)
administrative division: wiloyat (12) + autonomous republic (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1989): 19810,077; or: 19905,158
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 24755,519; or: 24752,000 /-; 2001: 24731,000; or: 25155,064
population density: 55 per sq.km = 143 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: 30 years
birth rate: 26 - 29 per 1000
death rate: 6,6 - 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 26 per 1000
life expectancy: 65 - 70 years (male: 60 - 66; female: 68 - 72)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 42% //; - 15-59 years: 53% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 37% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Uzbek 75,8%; Russian 6%; Tajik 4,8%; Kazakh 4,1%; Karakalpak 2,1%; Tatar 1,6%; Kyrgyz 0,9%; >
languages: Uzbek (official); Russian // more ethnic groups: Korean 0,9%; Ukrainian 0,6%; Turkmen 0,6%; other 2,5%
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim (Hanafiyah) 88%; Russian Orthodox 1%; other 1%; non-religious 10%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 57 - 85%
people per physician: 302
people per hospital bed: 118
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 99%
school enrolment: secondary education: 58%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 9%
adult literacy: 97% (male: 98%; female: 96%) [total in source CA: 89%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: som, or sum (plural: sumy) = 100 teen
annual inflation rate: 247%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 2529 per capita
GNI USD 360 per capita //; - [ppp: 2360]
GDP growth: -2,4%
income: USD 1350 per capita
import: USD 2839 per capita //; - export: USD 3109 per capita
trade: USD 250 per capita //; - or 76% of GDP
trade partners: mainly CIS-countries: RU KZ DE KR TJ TM KG
human development index: 0,698 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 99
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 1%
tourism: 0,3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 10% //; - grass land: 46 - 53% //; - wooded area: 3 - 4% //; - arid land and desert: ca 25 - 30%
agriculture: labour force: 29% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 42%
agricultural products: seed cotton, vegetables, fruit, berries, grapes, potatoes, rice, barley, maize, rye
livestock (million): asses: 0,2 / camels: 0,03 / cattle: 5,2 / goats: 0,9 / horses: 0,2 / pigs: 0,08 / poultry: 15 / sheep: 8
fish catch: 2871 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 18% //; - part of industry in GDP: 40%
industrial products: textiles, machines, metals, processed foods, chemicals
mining products: copper, lead, gold, natural gas, coal, oil, uranium, tungsten, bauxite, silver
CO2 emission per capita: 4,5
services: labour force: 53% //; - part of services in GDP: 18%
energy use (kg per capita): 2024
electricity use (per capita): 1650
annual water use (per capita): 4121
Traffic, communication
road network: 78400, or 81600 km //; - of which paved: 87% //; - of which are motorways: 50 km
vehicles: 37 per 1000
railways: 3380, or 3641 km //; - railways passenger/km: 5200
navigable inland waterways: 1100 km
ownership telephone: 66 - 76 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 155 - 456 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 176 - 275 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 7 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Manas 4488 m, Chod`'za Pirjach 4424, Adelung 4311, Be`'ster 4299, Agalytau 4218
lowest point: 53 m, at the borders of the Aral Sea
lakes (natural): Aral Sea, Ozero Aydarkul'
lakes (artificial reservoirs): a few small ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Amu (Amu Darya, Amudarjo)
canals: a few canals connecting some rivers and lakes, mainly for irrigation purposes
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Kyzyl Kum
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer