map of Pakistan; source: WR PAKISTAN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Pakistan
country code ISO: PK //; - FIPS: PK
location: South Asia
time zone: +5 UT
surface (land) area: 796095 sq.km = 307374 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 37° N / South: 23° N / East: 75° E / West: 61° E
borders (land): Iran, Afghanistan, China, India
borders (coastline): Arabian Sea (part of Indian Ocean)
climate: tropical monsoon, in the northern part from subtropical to continental depending on altitude
Government
independent since: 1947-08-14
type of government: federal Islamic republic
capital: Islâmâbâd
administrative division: province (5) + central administrated area (1), territory (1), capital territory (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1981): 84253,644; (1998): 130579,571
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 141533,775; or: 138080,000 /-; 2001: 140673,000
population density: 176 per sq.km = 455 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 24 years
birth rate: 31 - 38 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 500 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 79 per 1000
life expectancy: 61 years (male: 61; female: 62)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 37% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 21%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Punjabi 48%; Pashtun 13%; Sindhi 12%; Saraiki 10%; Urdu 8%; Balochî; Muhajir
languages: Urdu & English (both official); Punjabi, Pashtu, Sindhi, Saraiki, Urdu
religious affiliation: Muslim 95% (Sunnî 75%, Shî'î 20%); Christian 2%; Hindu 2%; other (e.g. Ahmadiya) 1%
Health
daily food intake: 2447 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 60 - 88%
people per physician: 1724
people per hospital bed: 1504
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 40%
school enrolment: secondary education: 19%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 5%
adult literacy: 38% (male: 49%; female: 23%) [in source CA total figure: 46%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Pakistan rupee = 100 paisa
annual inflation rate: 10%
population below poverty line: 34%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1560 per capita
GNI USD 440 per capita //; - [ppp: 1860]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD 400 per capita
import: USD 11704 per capita //; - export: USD 8158 per capita
trade: USD 129 per capita //; - or 33% of GDP
trade partners: US JP KW DE GB
human development index: 0,498 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 127
female labour force: 29%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 0,54 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 27% //; - grass land: 6% //; - wooded area: 5% //; - arid land and desert: ca 50%
agriculture: labour force: 50% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 26%
agricultural products: sugar cane, wheat, rice, corn (maize), gram, jowar, cotton, dates, tobacco
livestock (million): asses 4 / buffalo 23 camels 0,8 / cattle: 22 / goats: 47 / poultry: 110-148 / sheep: 24
fish catch: 597200 - 654530 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% //; - part of industry in GDP: 26%
industrial products: cement, oil refining, chemicals, refined sugar, jute textiles, textiles, food processing, beverages
mining products: limestone, rock salt, gypsum, silica sand, chromite, natural oil & gas, iron ore, coal
CO2 emission per capita: 0,7
services: labour force: 38% //; - part of services in GDP: 48%
energy use (kg per capita): 444
electricity use (per capita): 321
annual water use (per capita): 2053
Traffic, communication
road network: 198891, or 229934 km //; - of which paved: 55% //; - of which are motorways: 340 km
vehicles: 6 per 1000
railways: 8775 km //; - railways passenger/km: 17555
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 16 - 22 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 76 -107 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 22 - 62 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 22 per 1000
persons per post office: 9750
personal computers: 4 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: K2 8611 m, Nanga Parbat 8126, Gasherbrum I 8068, Broad Pk 8047, Gasherbrum II 8035
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Hâmûn-i Mâshkel
lakes (artificial reservoirs):
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Indus, and its tributaries, among those: Sutlej, Râvi
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Sandy desert, Thar desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-01 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer