map of the Solomon Islands; source WR SOLOMON ISLANDS

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Solomon Islands
country code ISO: SB //; - FIPS:
location: West Pacific Ocean, Oceania
time zone: +11 UT
surface (land) area: 28370 sq.km = 10954 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 4° S / South: 12° S / East: 171° E / West: 154° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1978-07-07
type of government: republic within the commonwealth of the United Kingdom
capital: Honiara
administrative division: province (9) + capital territory (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1986): 285,176
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 466,194; or: 447,000 /-; 2001: 460,000, or: 480,442
population density: 16 per sq.km = 42 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,7% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 34 - 36 per 1000
death rate: 4 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 - 6 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 24 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 69; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 43% //; - 15-59 years: 52% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 19% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Melanesian 94%; Polynesian 4%; other Pacific Islander (Micronesian) 1,4%; European 0,4%; Asian 0,2%
languages: English (official); many Melanesian and some Polynesian languages, Pidgin English
religious affiliation: Anglican 34%; Roman Catholic 19%; Baptist 17%; United Church 11%; 7th-day Adventists 10%
Health
daily food intake: 2130 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 71%
people per physician: 6154
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 77%
school enrolment: secondary education: 7%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 3%
adult literacy: 56% (male: 62%; female: 45%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Solomon Islands dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 8,5%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 800 per capita
GNI USD 620 per capita //; - [ppp: 1710]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 560 per capita
import: USD 171 per capita //; - export: USD 142 per capita
trade: USD 506 per capita //; - or 74% of GDP
trade partners: JP US AU GB NZ TH SG
human development index: 0,603 //; - position of the country in the world no.: ca 110
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,02 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 88% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 46% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 85%
agricultural products: coconuts, sweet potatoes, palm oil, -kernels, vegetables, melons, cocoa beans, rice, beans
livestock (1000s): cattle: 12 / pigs: 55-59 / poultry: 145-190
fish catch: 53442 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% //; - part of industry in GDP: 7%
industrial products: fish processing (tuna), sawnwood, copra
mining products: gold, copper, bauxite, lead, zinc, silver, cobalt, phosphates
CO2 emission per capita: 0,4
services: labour force: 45% //; - part of services in GDP: 58%
energy use (kg per capita): 159
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 1330, or: 2152 km //; - of which paved: 2,5% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 3 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 17 - 19 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 96 - 141 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 16 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 2730
personal computers: 46 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Popomanaseu 2330 m, Mt. Kaichui 1920, Mt. Veve (Rano) 1790, Mt. Kalourat 1463 (1430)
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: no important rivers
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: see the separate file of the administrative division
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-06 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer