map of Ukraine; source WR UKRAINE

[Ukrajina] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Ukraina
country code ISO: UA //; - FIPS: UP
location: East Europe
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 603700 sq.km = 233100 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 52° N / South: 44° N / East: 40° E / West: 22° E
borders (land): Belarus, Russian Federation, Moldova, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland
borders (coastline): Black Sea
climate: continental; except for the South coast, which has a Mediterranean type
Government
independent since: 1991-08-24
type of government: republic
capital: Kyiv (Kiev)
administrative division: oblast (24), misto [=city] (2), respublika (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1989): 51706,746
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 49153,027; or: 49501,000 /-; 2001: 48760,474; or: 49951,000
population density: 81 per sq.km = 210 per sq.mi
population growth: -5% //; - doubling time: not applicable, stable or declining population
birth rate: 9 - 10 per 1000
death rate: 15 - 16 per 1000
fertility rate: 1,5 child per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 14 per 1000
life expectancy: 66 - 68 years (male: 61 - 62; female: 72 - 73)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 21% //; - 15-59 years: 60% //; - 60+ years: 19%
urbanisation: 68% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 15%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: 72,6[64,7]%; Russian 22,2[32,8]%; Byelorussian 0,9[0,3]%; Jewish 0,7%; Moldovan 0,6%; Tatar 0,4%
languages: Ukrainian, Russian // > more religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 8,2%; Protestant 3,5%, Jewish 0,9%
religious affiliation: Ukrainian Orthodox, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox, Ukrainian Catholic; non-religious 57,5% >
Health
daily food intake: 2878 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 55%
people per physician: 334
people per hospital bed: 99
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 95%
school enrolment: secondary education: 61%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 5%
adult literacy: 98 - 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: hryvnia = 100 kopeki
annual inflation rate: 271%
population below poverty line: 32%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1570 per capita
GNI USD 700 per capita //; - [ppp: 3700]
GDP growth: -9%
income: USD 2340 per capita
import: USD 11336 per capita //; - export: USD 11567 per capita
trade: USD 600 per capita //; - or 90% of GDP
trade partners: mainly CIS-countries
human development index: 0,742 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 74
female labour force: 49 - 51%
unemployment: 12%
tourism: 4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 56% //; - grass land: 12% //; - wooded area: 14% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 25% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 28%
agricultural products: sugar beets, wheat, potatoes, barley, maize, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 10,6 / goats: 0,8 / horses; 0,7 / pigs: 10,1 / poultry: 122 / sheep: 1
fish catch: 408000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 32% //; - part of industry in GDP: 53%
industrial products: metals, machinery, food processing, chemicals
mining products: iron ore, manganese, coal, natural gas & oil, lignite, peat, mercury, sulphur, salt
CO2 emission per capita: 7,0
services: labour force: 43% //; - part of services in GDP: 19%
energy use (kg per capita): 2973
electricity use (per capita): 2306
annual water use (per capita): 673
Traffic, communication
road network: 172257, or 247300 km //; - of which paved: 97% //; - of which are motorways: 1808 km
vehicles: 56 per 1000
railways: 22730 km //; - railways passenger/km: 69100
navigable inland waterways: 1672, 3662, or 4400 km
ownership telephone: 161 - 199 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 349 - 888 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 233 - 356 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 118 per 1000
persons per post office: 3140
personal computers: 18 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Goverla 2061 m, Petros 2022, Bliznicja 1883, Sivulja 1818
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Jalpug
lakes (artificial reservoirs): in the Dnieper river: Kahovs'ke vdsh., Kremen`'cuc'ke vssh., Kiïvs'ke vdsh.
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Dnipro (Dnieper), Dnister (Dniester), Donec (Donets')
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none, or unknown
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer