map of Sweden; source WR SWEDEN

[Sverige] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Sverige
country code ISO: SE //; - FIPS: SW
location: Northern Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 410394 sq.km = 158453 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 449964 sq.km = 173731 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 69°04' N / South: 55° 20' N / East: 24° 10' E / West: 10° 58' E
borders (land): Norway, Finland
borders (coastline): Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia
climate: cool continental
Government
independent since: 836 ; 1397 ; 1523 ; 1905
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Stockholm
administrative division: län (25)
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 8816,381
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 8873,052 /-; 2001: 8875,053
population density: 19,7 or 21,6 per sq.km = 51, or 56 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,5% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 9,9 - 11, 7 per 1000
death rate: 10,6 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 5 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 6 per 1000
life expectancy: 80 years (male: 77; female: 82)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 22% //; - 15-59 years: 56% //; - 60+ years: 22%
urbanisation: 83% //; - urbanisation growth: 1%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 15%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Swedish 89,3%; Finn & Sami (Lapp) 3%; Yugoslav 0,8%; Iranian 0,6%; other 6,3%
languages: Swedish
religious affiliation: Evangelical Lutheran 94%; Roman Catholic 2%; Pentecostal 1%; other 3%
Health
daily food intake: 3114 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 380
people per hospital bed: 279
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 91%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 31%
adult literacy: virtually 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: krona = 100 öre
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: 7%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 27000 per capita
GNI USD 27140 per capita //; - [ppp: 23970]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD per capita
import: USD 63987 per capita //; - export: USD 82881 per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or 70% of GDP
trade partners: NO US GB DE FI DK
human development index: 0,936 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 4
female labour force: 48%
unemployment: 4,7%
tourism: 3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 7% //; - grass land: 1,4% //; - wooded area: 68% //; - arid land and desert: ca 20%
agriculture: labour force: 3% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 2,5%
agricultural products: cereals, cattle, sugar beets, potatoes, timber
livestock (million): cattle: 1,7 / pigs: 1,9 / poultry: 8 / sheep: 0,4
fish catch: 351253 - 364115 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 22% //; - part of industry in GDP: 27%
industrial products: engineering, electrical goods, vehicles, paper, wood pulp, steel, precision equipment, processed foods
mining products: iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, silver
CO2 emission per capita: 5,5
services: labour force: 68% //; - part of services in GDP: 70%
energy use (kg per capita): 5769
electricity use (per capita): 14138
annual water use (per capita): 356
Traffic, communication
road network: 133673 km //; - of which paved: 79% //; - of which are motorways: 1439 km
vehicles: 419 per 1000
railways: 10853, or: 11202 km //; - railways passenger/km: 6344
navigable inland waterways: 2052 km
ownership telephone: 655 - 681 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 844 - 933 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 476 - 531 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 515 per 1000
persons per post office: 5060
personal computers: 507 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kebnekaise 2111 m, Sarektjäkkå 2089, Kaskasajåkkå 2076, Akavare 2013, Sulitjelma 1914
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Vänern 5585 sq.km, Vättern 1912, Mälaren 1140, Hjälmaren 484, Storsjön 456, Siljan + Insjön, Orsasjön 354
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none ?, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Klarälven-Göta älv 720 km, Dalälven 555, Torne älv 510, Umeälven 460, Luleälven 450, Ångermanälven 450
canals: Göta kanal, Hjälmare kanal
waterfalls: Njupeskär 125 m, Handölsfallen 120
caves: longest system: none ?, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Gotland 2994 sq.km, Öland 1347, Orust 346
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer