map of Portugal; source: WR PORTUGAL

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Portugal
country code ISO: PT //; - FIPS: PO
location: Southwest Europe
time zone: 0 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 91831 sq.km = 35456 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 42°09'08" N / South: 36°58'23" N / East: 06°11'10" W / West: 09°29'45" W
borders (land): Spain, length 1215 km
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, length 832 km
climate: mild maritime, close to the Mediterranean type
Government
independent since: ca 1140 ; 1640
type of government: republic
capital: Lisboa
administrative division: district (18) + autonomous region (2)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1991): 9862,540; (2001): 10355,824
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10048,232; or: 10008,000
population density: 113 per sq.km = 292 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,5% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 11 per 1000
death rate: 10 per 1000
fertility rate: 1,4 children per female
maternal mortality: 12 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 7 per 1000
life expectancy: 76 years (male: 72; female: 80)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 21% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 18%
urbanisation: 37 - 63% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 44%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Portuguese 98,3%; Cape Verdean 0,2%; Brazilian 0,2%; English 0,1%; others 1,2%
languages: Portuguese (official)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 92,2 - 94,5%; Protestant 0,6%; other Christian 0,6%; non-religious 3,8%
Health
daily food intake: 3691 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 82%
people per physician: 317
people per hospital bed: 247
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 53%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 18%
adult literacy: 87 - 92% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002: Escudo = 100 centavos)
annual inflation rate: 5%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 14270 per capita
GNI USD 11120 per capita //; - [ppp: 16990]
GDP growth: 2,5%
income: USD 5620 per capita
import: USD 34122 per capita //; - export: USD 23186 per capita
trade: USD 4836 per capita //; - or 59% of GDP
trade partners: ES DE FR IT GB
human development index: 0,874 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 28
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: 4%
tourism: 12 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 35% //; - grass land: 9% //; - wooded area: 32% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 18% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 9%
agricultural products: potatoes, grapes, tomatoes, maize, wheat, olives, fruit, cork, rice, cabbages
livestock (million): asses: 0,1 / cattle: 1,2 / goats: 0,8 / pigs: 2,3 / poultry: 35 / sheep: 5,9
fish catch: 207700 - 229100 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 25% //; - part of industry in GDP: 37%
industrial products: textiles, machinery, chemicals, food products (wine, fish), footwear, cork, wood pulp
mining products: limestone, granite, marble, copper, pyrite, salt, kaolin, tin, zinc, tungsten, uranium, iron
CO2 emission per capita: 5,5
services: labour force: 57% //; - part of services in GDP: 54%
energy use (kg per capita): 2365
electricity use (per capita): 3616
annual water use (per capita): 739
Traffic, communication
road network: 68770, or 70167 km //; - of which paved: 86% //; - of which are motorways: 797 km
vehicles: 225 per 1000
railways: 2794, or: 3549 km //; - railways passenger/km: 4869
navigable inland waterways: 124, or 820 km
ownership telephone: 362 - 423 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 306 - 666 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 176 - 523 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 41 per 1000
persons per post office: 1490
personal computers: 299 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains (mainland): Estrêla 1991 m, Santinha 1593, Larouco 1527, Gerês 1508, Marão 1416, Pedrada 1415, Montemuro 1381
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Alqueva, Castelo do Bode, Cabri
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Douro 330 km, Tejo (Tagus) 273, Mondego 234, Guadiana 260, Sado 180, Vouga 148, Cávado 129
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Açores (highest mountain: Pico 2351 m), Madeira (highest mountain: Pico Ruivo 1862 m)
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-02 by Jan Lahmeyer
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