map of the Netherlands; source: WR The NETHERLANDS

[Nederland] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Nederland
country code ISO: NL //; - FIPS: NL
location: Western Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 37200 sq.km = 12648 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 40844 sq.km = 15770 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 54° N / South: 51° N / East: 7° E / West: 3° E
borders (land): Germany, Belgium
borders (coastline): North Sea (part of Atlantic Ocean)
climate: moderate cool maritime
Government
independent since: 1581-07-26; 1648-06-05 ; 1814-03-30
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Amsterdam (official, seat of coronation) / 's-Gravenhage (The Hague, seat of parliament)
administrative division: province (12)
Population
population according to the latest census (1971): 13045,785
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 15919,000 / -; 2001-04: 16000,000 ; midyear 16044,000
population density: 430 per sq.km = 1114 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,7% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 13 per 1000
death rate: 8,5 per 1000
fertility rate: 1 child per female
maternal mortality: 5 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 8 per 1000
life expectancy: 78 years (male: 76; female: 81)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 18% //; - 15-59 years: 65% //; - 60+ years: 17%
urbanisation: 89% //; - urbanisation growth: 0,6%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 9%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Dutch 96%; Morrocan 1%; Turkish 1%; other 2%
languages: Dutch (official); Frisian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 32%; Protestant 23%; Muslim 4%; non religious 38%; other 3%
Health
daily food intake: 3282 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 412
people per hospital bed: 194
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 93%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 28%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents [until 2002: Gulden (florin) = 100 cent]
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: 8%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 22000 per capita
GNI USD 24970 per capita //; - [ppp: 25850]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 17330 per capita
import: USD 160896 per capita //; - export: USD 177369 per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or 13% of GDP
trade partners: DE BE FR GB US IT JP
human development index: 0,931 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 8
female labour force: 40%
unemployment: 3%
tourism: 10 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 27% //; - grass land: 32% //; - wooded area: 9% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 4% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 4%
agricultural products: cereals, fruits, vegetables, sugar beets, livestock, fish, potatoes
livestock (million): cattle: 4 / goats: 0,15 / horses: 0,07 / pigs: 13 / poultry: 93 / sheep: 1,3
fish catch: 514000 - 550000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 25% //; - part of industry in GDP: 26%
industrial products: food processing, chemicals, textiles, metals, machinery, microelectronics
mining products: natural gas & oil, salt
CO2 emission per capita: 10,4
services: labour force: 71% //; - part of services in GDP: 70%
energy use (kg per capita): 4686
electricity use (per capita): 5993
annual water use (per capita): 993
Traffic, communication
road network: 111891, or 124530 km //; - of which paved: 91% //; - of which are motorways: 2235 km
vehicles: 371 per 1000
railways: 2828 km //; - railways passenger/km: 13977
navigable inland waterways: 5046, or 6340 km
ownership telephone: 525 - 607 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 775 - 980 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 495 - 600 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 299 - 306 per 1000
persons per post office: 7690
personal computers: 394 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Vaalserberg 323 m, Vrouwenheide 214, Schweiberg 206
lowest point: 6 m below sea level (Zuidplaspolder)
lakes (natural): IJsselmeer, Oosterschelde, Grevelingen, Tjeukemeer, Slotermeer, Fluessen, Westeinderplassen
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Rijn (Rhine), Lek, Waal, Maas (Meuse), IJssel, Vecht, Linge, Hollandsche IJssel, Oude Rijn
canals: Amsterdam-Rijnkanaal, Zuid-Willemsvaart, Julianakanaal, Twentekanaal, Van Harinxmakanaal, Eemskanaal >
waterfalls: none // > some more canals: Noordhollands kanaal, Drentse Hoofdvaart
caves: longest system: Sint Pietersberg / deepest:
islands: Wadden Islands: Texel, Vlieland, Terschelling, Ameland, Schiermonnikoog, Rottum
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
no official census have been taken since 1971

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Statistics Netherlands [Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek]


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer