map of Belgium; source WR BELGIUM

[Belgique = BelgiŽ = Belgien] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): België ; or: Belgique ; or: Belgien
country code ISO: BE [BEL] //; - FIPS: BE
location: Western Europe
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 30510 sq.km = 11783 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 32545 sq.km = 12566 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 51° N / South: 50° N / East: 6° E / West: 3° E
borders (land): Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France
borders (coastline): North Sea
climate: moderate maritime
Government
independent since: 1830-10-04
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Brussel = Bruxelles = Brüssel (Brussels)
administrative division: regio (3) // province (10) + capital district (1)
Population
population according to the latest census: (1991): 9978,681
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10241,506 //; or: 10252,000; 2001: 10263,000 ; 2002: 10333,000
population density: 336 per sq.km = 870 per sq.mi
population growth: 0,2% //; - doubling time: not applicable; exceeds 100 years
birth rate: 11 per 1000
death rate: 10 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 9 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 6 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 5 - 10 per 1000
life expectancy: 78 years (male: 75; female: 81)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 18% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years: 21%
urbanisation: 97% //; - urbanisation growth:0,4 %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 24%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Fleming 55%; Walloon 32%; Italian 3%; Morrocan 1%; French, Dutch, Turkish, German
languages: (all official): Flemish/Dutch 57%, Walloon/French 32%; German 1%
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 72-88%; Protestant 11-25%; Muslim 2%
Health
daily food intake: 3606 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: virtually 100%
people per physician: 253 - 259
people per hospital bed: 131
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 88%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 34%
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Euro = 100 cents (until 2002: Belgian Franc = 100 centimes)
annual inflation rate: 2%
population below poverty line: 12%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 23900 per capita
GNI USD 22940 - 24540 per capita //; - [ppp: 27470 - 28130]
GDP growth: 1,8%
income: USD 19300 - 24710 per capita
import: USD 150624 per capita //; - export: USD 165173 per capita
trade: USD 23500 - 24750 per capita //; - or 163% of GDP
trade partners: DE NL FR GB US IE
human development index: 0,935 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 5
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 7 - 11%
tourism: 6,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 23-25% //; - grass land: 20-21% //; - wooded area: 21% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 3% [1%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 2% [1%]
agricultural products: sugar beet, potatoes, livestock, timber, grain, fruits, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 3,1-3,4 / goats: 0,012 horses: 0,07 / pigs: 6,8-7,3 / poultry: 35-56 / sheep: 0,15
fish catch: 29876 - 31441 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 20% [24%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 30% [27%]
industrial products: engineering, petrochemicals, food processing, chemicals, textiles, glassware, autos
mining products: coal, iron ore, sandstone, dolomite, marble, slate
CO2 emission per capita: 9,9
services: labour force: 78% [75%] //; - part of services in GDP: 68% [72%]
energy use (kg per capita): 5735
electricity use (per capita): 7286
annual water use (per capita): 917
Traffic, communication
road network: 142550 - 148216 km //; - of which paved: 78% //; - of which are motorways: 1727 km
vehicles: 398 - 457 per 1000 // international license plate: B
railways: 3368, 8400 km //; - railways passenger/km: 6757
navigable inland waterways: 1540 - 2043km
ownership telephone: 458 - 502 per 1000 // international dialling code: +32
ownership radio receivers: 500 - 792 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 464 - 523 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 321 per 1000
persons per post office: 6200
personal computers: 345 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Botrange 694 m, Baraque Michel 675
lowest point: some feet below sea level, in polders near the North Sea coast and the Schelde mouth under Antwerp
lakes (natural): unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): some small artificial lakes in the Gileppe and Vesdre rivers
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Meuse/Maas, Sambre, Schelde, Leie, Ourthe, Semois, Dijle, Demer, Nete, Amblève, IJzer
canals: Albertkanaal, Schelde-Maaskanaal (which partly bears also some other names), Kanal van Willebroek
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: Han-sur-Lesse / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
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