map of North Korea; source: WR NORTH KOREA

[Chõson] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Chosõn
country code ISO: KP //; - FIPS: KN
location: East Asia
time zone: +9 UT
surface (land) area: 122762 sq.km = 47399 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 43° N / South: 38° N / East: 131° E / West: 124° E
borders (land): China, Russian Federation, South Korea
borders (coastline): Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, East Sea [also referred as: Sea of Japan] (all parts of the NW Pacific Ocean)
climate: continental
Government
independent since: 1948-09-09
type of government: people's republic
capital: P'yõngyang
administrative division: province (9), special city (3), special district (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 21213,378
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 22268,000; 2001: 24063,000
population density: 182 per sq.km = 470 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,7% //; - doubling time: 39 years
birth rate: 19 - 22 per 1000
death rate: 5 -7 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 41 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 23 per 1000
life expectancy: 71 years (male: 68; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 29% //; - 15-59 years: 65% //; - 60+ years: 7%
urbanisation: 60% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 12%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Korean 99,8%; Chinese 0,2%
languages: Korean (official); Chinese
religious affiliation: traditional beliefs 16%; Chondogyo 14%; Buddhist 2%; Christian 1%; non religious 66%
Health
daily food intake: 1899 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 370
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 95% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Won = 100 chõn
annual inflation rate: 5%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1390 per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD 1100 per capita
import: USD 2238 per capita //; - export: USD 1095 per capita
trade: USD 200 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: CH RU JP
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 43%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 17% //; - grass land: % //; - wooded area: 74% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 43% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: %
agricultural products: rice, maize, potatoes, cabbages, soybeans, fruit
livestock (million): cattle: 0,6 / goats: 2,3 / pigs: 3,1 / poultry: 15,7 / sheep: 0,2
fish catch: 210000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 30% //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: cement, crude steel, pig iron, coke, fertilizers, textiles, chemicals, machinery, food processing
mining products: coal, iron, lead, copper, zinc, tin, silver, gold, uranium, tungsten, graphite, magnesite, salt, lignite
CO2 emission per capita: 10,3
services: labour force: 27% //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita): 2658
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 687
Traffic, communication
road network: 23000, or 31200 km //; - of which paved: 6% //; - of which are motorways: 354 km
vehicles: 11 per 1000
railways: 5045, or 8533 km //; - railways passenger/km: 3400
navigable inland waterways: 2253 km
ownership telephone: 46 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 110 - 200 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 85 - 115 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 213 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Paektu-san 2744 m, Kwanmo-bong 2540, Puksubaek-san 2520
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): several, of which Sup'ung-ho is the largest one
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Ch'õngch'õn, Nam, Tumen, Yalu, Taedong
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest: unknown
islands: some small islands like Simm-do, Ka-do, Sok-to, Cho-do
deserts: none
other natural features: unknown
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2006-06-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
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