map of Malaysia; source: WR MALAYSIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Malaysia
country code ISO: MY //; - FIPS: MY
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: +8 UT
surface (land) area: 329758 sq.km = 127320 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 8° N / South: 1° N / East: 120° E / West: 98° E
borders (land): Thailand, Indonesia
borders (coastline): South China Sea, Indian Ocean, Sulu Sea
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1957-08-31 ; 1965
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Kuala Lumpur
administrative division: state (13) + federal territory (2)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1991): 17566,982 / -; (2001): 23274,690
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 21793,293; or: 23270,000 / -; 2001: 23834,000
population density: 71 per sq.km = 183 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,5% //; - doubling time: 33 years
birth rate: 24 - 26 per 1000
death rate: 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: 59 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 12 per 1000
life expectancy: 72 years (male: 68; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 38% //; - 15-59 years: 56% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 62% //; - urbanisation growth: 3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 27%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Malay 65% (including Bumiputera 12%); Chinese 26%; Indian 8%; other 2%
languages: Malay (official); Chinese, Tamil, Iban, Dusan, English
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 53%; Buddhist 17%; Chinese faiths 12%; Hindu 7%; Christian 6%; other 5%
Health
daily food intake: 2901 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 89%
people per physician: 1521
people per hospital bed: 506
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 57%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 7%
adult literacy: 83% (male: 89%; female: 78%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Ringgit = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: 16%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 8140 per capita
GNI USD 3380 per capita //; - [ppp: 8330]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 2490 per capita
import: USD 77292 per capita //; - export: USD 74120 per capita
trade: USD 3877 per capita //; - or 201% of GDP
trade partners: SG US JP KR GB
human development index: 0,774 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 56
female labour force: 38%
unemployment: 3%
tourism: 10,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 15% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 59% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 42% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 23%
agricultural products: fishing, palm oil, rice, sugarcane, rubber, bananas, pineapples, cocoa beans
livestock (million): buffaloes: 0,2 / cattle: 0,7 / goats: 0,2 / pigs: 1,8 / poultry: 120 / sheep: 0,18
fish catch: 1280000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 19% //; - part of industry in GDP: 42%
industrial products: electronic components, timber, crude petroleum, steel sheets, rubber goods
mining products: tin, kaolin, bauxite, iron ore, copper, natural oil & gas
CO2 emission per capita: 5,4
services: labour force: 39% //; - part of services in GDP: 35%
energy use (kg per capita): 1878
electricity use (per capita): 2474
annual water use (per capita): 768
Traffic, communication
road network: 40174, or 93975 km //; - of which paved: 76% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 99 per 1000
railways: 1791, or 2227 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1284, or 1848
navigable inland waterways: 3209, or 7296 km
ownership telephone: 166 - 203 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 420 - 476 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 174 - 424 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 142 per 1000
persons per post office: 14000
personal computers: 103 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kinabalu 4094 m, Trus Madi 2597, Mulu 2377, Tahan 2190, Korbu 2184, Chamah 2170
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Tasek Kenyir, Temingui, Tasek Bera
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Kelantan, Pahang, Rajang, Baram
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Pinang, Langkawi, Tioman, Labuan, Banggi, Beruit
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-24 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer