map of Venezuela; source WR VENEZUELA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Venezuela
country code ISO: VE //; - FIPS: VE
location: Northern South America
time zone: -4 UT
surface (land) area: 912050 sq.km = 352144 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 12° N / South: 1° N / East: 60° W / West: 73° W
borders (land): Guyana, Brazil, Colombia
borders (coastline): Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1811-07-05 ; 1830
type of government: republic
capital: Caracas
administrative division: estado (22) + dependencias federales (1), Distrito Federal (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1990): 19405,429 /-; (2001, provisional data): 22621,491
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 23542,649; or: 24170,000 /-; 2001: 23916,810
population density: 26 per sq.km = 67 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,5% //; - doubling time: 33 years
birth rate: 21 - 26 per 1000
death rate: 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 - 4 children per female
maternal mortality: 59 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 28 per 1000
life expectancy: 73 years (male: 70; female: 76,5)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 38% //; - 15-59 years: 56% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 87% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 26%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: mestizo 67%; white 21%; black 10%; Amerindian 2%
languages: Spanish (official)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 92,7%; other 7,3%
Health
daily food intake: 2358 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 84%
people per physician: 804
people per hospital bed: 585
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 89%
school enrolment: secondary education: 56%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 28%
adult literacy: 92% (male: 93%; female: 91%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Bolívar = 100 céntimos
annual inflation rate: 45,5%
population below poverty line: 31%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 8860 per capita
GNI USD 4310 per capita //; - [ppp: 5740]
GDP growth: -0,6%
income: USD 2610 per capita
import: USD 10791 per capita //; - export: USD 18914 per capita
trade: USD 1288 per capita //; - or 40% of GDP
trade partners: US JP DE CO IT
human development index: 0,765 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 61
female labour force: 35%
unemployment: 12%
tourism: 0,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 4% //; - grass land: 20% //; - wooded area: 34% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 13% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 5%
agricultural products: sugarcane, bananas, maize, rice, plantains, oranges, sorghum, cassava
livestock (million): asses: 0,4 / cattle: 15,8 / goats: 3,8 / horses: 0,5 / pigs: 5,4 / poultry: 110 / sheep: 0,8
fish catch: 411877 - 502728 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 17% //; - part of industry in GDP: 47%
industrial products: food products, chemicals, base metals, beverages, transport equipment, steel, textiles, oil products
mining products: oil, bauxite, iron, natural gas, coal, gold, limestone, diamonds
CO2 emission per capita: 6,7
services: labour force: 70% //; - part of services in GDP: 48%
energy use (kg per capita): 2253
electricity use (per capita): 2493
annual water use (per capita): 382
Traffic, communication
road network: 100571 km //; - of which paved: 34% //; - of which are motorways: 2250 km (Pan-American Highway 1290)
vehicles: 82 per 1000
railways: 542, or 627 km //; - railways passenger/km: 31
navigable inland waterways: 7100 km
ownership telephone: 110 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 372 - 472 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 180 - 185 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 215 per 1000
persons per post office: 49200
personal computers: 46 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pico Bolívar 5007 m, Pic Concha 4700, more peaks (no names found in atlantes) 4006 m, etc.
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago de Valencia
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Embalse de Guri
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Orinoco, including tributaries like: Meta, Apure, Caura, Caroní
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Salto del Angel (Angel Falls) drop: 979 m [highest of the world]; near Auyán Tepui 2957 m; Cuquenan 696 m
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Isla de Margarita, Isla La Tortuga and some other islets
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Embassy of Venezuala in the USA

back     Internet website:
Officina Central de Estadística e Informática


Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-14 by Jan Lahmeyer
© 1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer