map of Jamaica; source: WR JAMAICA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Jamaica
country code ISO: JM //; - FIPS: JM
location: Central America, West Indies, Caribbean, Greater Antilles
time zone: -5 UT
surface (land) area: 10991 sq.km = 4244 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North/South: 18° N / East: 76° W / West: 78° W
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Caribbean Sea // total coastline in km: 891
climate: tropical, Caribbean
Government
independent since: 1962-08-06
type of government: constitutional monarchy (United Kingdom)
capital: Kingston
administrative division: parish (14)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 2374,193
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2652,689; or: 2633,000 // -; 2001: 2609,000
population density: 237 per sq.km = 613 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,3% //; - doubling time: 39 years
birth rate: 18 - 22 per 1000
death rate: 5 -6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 110 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 18 per 1000
life expectancy: 75 years (male: 73; female: 77)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 33% //; - 15-59 years: 58% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 56% //; - urbanisation growth: 3,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 66%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: black 75%; Afro-European 13%; East Indian and Afro-East Indian 3%; white 5%
languages: English (official); English Creole, Hindi, Chinese, Spanish
religious affiliation: Church of God 18%; Baptist 10%; Anglican 7%; other Protestant 20%; Roman Catholic 8 - 10%
Health
daily food intake: 2711 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 70%
people per physician: 2040
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 99%
school enrolment: secondary education: 58%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 85% (male: 81%; female: 89%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Jamaica dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 24%
population below poverty line: 19%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1510 per capita
GNI USD 2610 per capita //; - [ppp: 3440]
GDP growth: -0,4%
income: USD 1380 per capita
import: USD 2916 per capita //; - export: USD 1387 per capita
trade: USD 1242 per capita //; - or 61% of GDP
trade partners: US CA NL GB VE
human development index: 0,738 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 78
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 16%
tourism: 1,3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 25% //; - grass land: 18% //; - wooded area: 17% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 25% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 5%
agricultural products: sugar, bananas, sugarcane, yams, vegetables, citrus fruits, plantains, coffee, potatoes
livestock (1000s): asses: 23 / cattle: 400 / goats: 440 / horses: 4 / mules: 10 / pigs: 180 / poultry: 11000 / sheep: 1,4
fish catch: 8508 - 11458 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% //; - part of industry in GDP: 40%
industrial products: mining, agriculture, sugar, tourism
mining products: bauxite, limestone, gypsum
CO2 emission per capita: 4,3
services: labour force: 63% //; - part of services in GDP: 55%
energy use (kg per capita): 1579
electricity use (per capita): 2294
annual water use (per capita): 159
Traffic, communication
road network: 18600 km //; - of which paved: 71% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 25 per 1000
railways: 208, or 339 km //; - railways passenger/km: 20
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 116 -199 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 467 - 747 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 182 - 306 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 66 per 1000
persons per post office: 3140
personal computers: 47 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Blue Mountain Peak 2256 m, Blue Mtn Pk East 2248, Sir John's Pk 1930, Portland Gap 1675, Catherine's Pk 1541, Morce's Gap 1524
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): -
rivers: Rio Minho 92,5 km; Black River 53,4; Rio Cobre 50,9; Rio Grande [Great River] 46; Cabaritta River 39,7
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Pedro Cays, Morant Cays
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer