map of Chile; source: WR CHILE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Chile
country code ISO: CL [CHL] //; - FIPS: CI
location: western coast of southern South America
time zone: -4 UT
surface (land) area: 748800 sq.km = 289112 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 756950 sq.km = 292258 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 17°30' S / South: 56°30' S / East: 66° W / West: 76° W
borders (land): Perú, Bolivia, Argentina
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: variable due to the long north-south extension plus several altitudes
Government
independent since: 1810-09-18; 1818
type of government: republic
capital: Santiago (de Chile)
administrative division: región [since 1975] (13) ; provincia (25)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: 1992: 13348,401 /; 2002: 15116,435
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 15153,797; or: 15211,000 /; 2001: 15402,000 /; 2002: 15589,000
population density: 20 per sq.km = 53 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,6 - 1,8% //; - doubling time: 45 years
birth rate: 17 - 23 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 47 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 12 - 46 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 10 - 19 per 1000
life expectancy: 73 - 76 years (male: 69 - 73; female: 76 - 79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 31% //; - 15-59 years: 60 - 61% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 86% //; - urbanisation growth: 2,3%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 44%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mestizo & of European origin 89 - 95%; Amerindian 3 - 10% (among those: Mapuche, Aymara, Rapanui)
languages: Spanish, Amerindian idiom
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 77 - 89%; Protestant 6 - 12%; other 5 - 11% (Bahai, Jewish, traditional indigenous beliefs)
Health
daily food intake: 2844 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 85% [FW 2000: 93%]
people per physician: 840 - 2150
people per hospital bed: 472
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 75%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 19% [DK: 38%]
adult literacy: 96% (male: 96%; female: 96%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Peso (chil$) = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 7% [DK: 2,5%]
population below poverty line: 21% [FW 2000: 2%]
Gross Domestic Product: USD 4160 per capita
GNI USD 4250 - 4590 per capita //; - [ppp: 9100 - 9420]
GDP growth: 5%
income: USD 2160 - 4160 per capita
import: USD 6380 per capita //; - export: USD 3930 per capita
trade: USD 1221 per capita //; - or 51% of GDP
trade partners: US BR JP AG DE GB CN MX IT
human development index: 0,825 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 39
female labour force: 34%
unemployment: 7 - 9%
tourism: 1,4 - 1,7 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 6% //; - grass land: 18% //; - wooded area: 12% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 19% [FW 2002: 13,5%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 8% [FW 2002: 9%]
agricultural products: wine, timber, sugar beets, wheat, fruits, beans, grapes, tomatoes, maize, potatoes, apples
livestock (million): asses: 0,03 / cattle: 3,6-4,1 / goats: 0,7 / horses: 0,6 / pigs: 2,4-2,8 / poultry: 75 / sheep: 4,1
fish catch: 4690000 - 6080000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 18% [PG: 26%; FW 2002: 24%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 30% [FW 2002: 34%]
industrial products: food & fish processing, forestry, iron & steel, copper, cement
mining products: copper, coal, natural gas & oil, gold, lead, iron ore, silver, molybdenum, iodine, nitrates, lithium
CO2 emission per capita: 4,1
services: labour force: 63% [PG: 55%; FW 2002: 62,5%] //; - part of services in GDP: 62% [FW 2002: 57%]
energy use (kg per capita): 1688
electricity use (per capita): 2309
annual water use (per capita): 1626
Traffic, communication
road network: 79130 km //; - of which paved: 19% [15484] //; - of which are motorways: 3455 km (=Pan American highway)
vehicles: 50 - 87 per 1000 // international license plate: RCH
railways: 2035, or 6572 - 8185 km //; - railways passenger/km: 689 - 1272
navigable inland waterways: 725 km
ownership telephone: 132 - 233 per 1000 // international dialling code: +56
ownership radio receivers: 317 - 354 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 280 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 99 per 1000
persons per post office: 24200
personal computers: 82 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6880-6893 m, Volcán Llullaillaco 6723-6739, Tres Cruces 6753, Nevado de Incahuasi 6621, Cerro Tupungato 6570, Cerro del Toro 6380
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago General Carrera, Lago Llanquihue
lakes (artificial reservoirs): possibly several small ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Loa, Elquí, Bío Bío; and many more, relatively short in length, to drain the mountain slopes of the Cordillera de los Andes
canals: none
waterfalls: not known by name
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Ísla de Pascua, Íslas Juan Fernändez, Ísla Sala y Gómez, Íslas de los Desventurados
deserts: Atacama
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
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