map of Uganda; source WR UGANDA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Uganda
country code ISO: UG //; - FIPS: UG
location: East Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 241040 sq.km = 93070 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 4° N / South: 1° S / East: 35° E / West: 29° E
borders (land): Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Congo Kinshasa
borders (coastline): none
climate: moderate tropical, influenced by altitude and Lake Victoria
Government
independent since: 1962-10-09
type of government: republic
capital: Kampala
administrative division: region (4) into district (37)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 16671,705
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 22210,000; or: 23317,560 /-; 2001: 22388,000; or: 23985,712
population density: 92 per sq.km = 239 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 18 years
birth rate: 48 - 52 per 1000
death rate: 14 - 18 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 300 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 115 per 1000
life expectancy: 43 years (male: 43; female: 44)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 50% //; - 15-59 years: 46% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 14% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 52%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: (Ba)Ganda 18%; Karamojong 12%; Teso 9%; Nkole 8%; Soga 8%; Gisu 7%; Chiga 7%; Lango 6%; Rwanda 6%
languages: English, Swahili (both official); Luganda
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 44,6 - 49,6%; Protestant 28,7- 39,2%; Sunnî Muslim 6,6 -10,5%; other (Animist) 15,1%
Health
daily food intake: 2216 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 34 - 50%
people per physician: 20720
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 50%
school enrolment: secondary education: 5%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 56% (male: 68%; female: 40%) [later total figures found: 62 - 66%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Uganda shilling = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 12%
population below poverty line: 55%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 200 per capita
GNI USD 300 per capita //; - [ppp: 1210]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 160 per capita
import: USD 524 per capita //; - export: USD 171 per capita
trade: USD 20 per capita //; - or 33% of GDP
trade partners: KE GB IT NL US FR
human development index: 0,435 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 141
female labour force: 48%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,15 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 34% //; - grass land: 9% //; - wooded area: 28% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 86% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 51%
agricultural products: bananas, cassava, (sweet) potatoes, sugarcane, maize, millet, sorghum, rice, tea, groundnuts, coffee, cotton, tobacco
livestock (million): cattle: 6 / goats: 6,2 / pigs: 1,6 / poultry: 25 / sheep: 1
fish catch: 225000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 4% //; - part of industry in GDP: 12%
industrial products: cement, sugar, soap, metal products, footwear, beer, brewing, textiles
mining products: tungsten, tin ore, gold, copper, cobalt, apatite, magnetite
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 10% //; - part of services in GDP: 37%
energy use (kg per capita): 23
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 20
Traffic, communication
road network: 28332 km //; - of which paved: 7% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 1 per 1000
railways: 1241 km //; - railways passenger/km: 28
navigable inland waterways: 0 km (navigable: Lake Victoria)
ownership telephone: 2 - 3 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 128 - 507 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 16 - 27 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 2 per 1000
persons per post office: 64500
personal computers: 3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Margherita Peak 5110 m [is also Mt. Stanley? in the Ruwenzori Range], Mt. Elgon 4321, Moroto 3084, Oboa 3070
lowest point: ca 800 m in the Northwest corner of the country
lakes (natural): Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Edward, Lake George, Lake Bisina, Lake Kwania, Lake Kyoga
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown // lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Albert Nile, Victoria Nile, Katonga, Nkusi, Kafe, Kagera, Pager, Achwa, Semliki
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown // caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: (only in Lake Victoria:) Kome Island, Biukasa Island, Bugala Island
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
The names of some of the Ethnic groups begin also with "Ba". Ethnic groups according to source PW: Baganda 18%; Banyoro 14%;>
> Teso 9%; Banyan 8%; Basoga 8%; Bagisu 7%; Bachiga 7%; Lango 6%; Acholi 5% // Ethnic groups in source CA: >
> Baganda 18,1%; Banyankore 10,7%; Bakiga 8,4%; Basoga 8,2%; Turkana 6,2%; Langi 5,9%; Bagisu 4,5%; Acholi 4,4%
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
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