map of Malegasi; source: WR MADAGASCAR [Malegasi, Madagaskar]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Madagascar
country code ISO: MG //; - FIPS: MA
location: Southeast Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 587041 sq.km = 226658 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 12° S / South: 26° / East: 50° E / West: 43° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: tropical, with variations according to altitude
Government
independent since: 1960-06-26
type of government: republic
capital: Tananarivo (Antananarivo)
administrative division: province [faritany] (6)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 12092,157
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 15506,472; or: 15523,000 / -; 2001: 16437,000
population density: 26 per sq.km = 68 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,2% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 44 per 1000
death rate: 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 240 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 110 per 1000
life expectancy: 55 years (male: 53; female: 58)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 30% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 36%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Merina 26%; Betsimisaraka 15%; Betsileo 12%; Tsimihety 7%; Sakalava 6%; Antaisaka 5%; Antandroy 5%
languages: Malagasy, French (both official); English
religious affiliation: traditional beliefs 52%; Roman Catholic 21%; Protestant 20%; Muslim 7%
Health
daily food intake: 2001 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 29%
people per physician: 8600
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 12%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 3%
adult literacy: 80% (male: %; female: %) [total figure in source CA: 67%, WA: 46%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Malagasy Franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 19%
population below poverty line: 70%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 930 per capita
GNI USD 250 per capita //; - [ppp: 820]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 210 per capita
import: USD 550 per capita //; - export: USD 360 per capita
trade: USD 65 per capita //; - or 25% of GDP
trade partners: FR US CIS DE JP
human development index: 0,462 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 135
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 0,16 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 5% //; - grass land: 58% //; - wooded area: 27% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 81% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 33%
agricultural products: coffee, vanilla, sugar, cloves, rice, cassava, groundnuts
livestock (million): cattle: 10,4 / goats: 1,4 / pigs: 0,9 / poultry: 25,9 / sheep: 0,8
fish catch: 125000 - 131600 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% //; - part of industry in GDP: 14%
industrial products: chemicals, machinery, vehicles, meat processing, textiles
mining products: chromite, graphite, beryl, mica, iron, bitumen, coal, bauxite, offshore natural oil & gas
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 13% //; - part of services in GDP: 53%
energy use (kg per capita): 39
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 1642
Traffic, communication
road network: 34750, or 49837 km //; - of which paved: 12% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 2 per 1000
railways: 883, or 1030 km //; - railways passenger/km: 46
navigable inland waterways: 432 km
ownership telephone: 2,5 - 3 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 173 - 209 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 24 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 4,5 per 1000
persons per post office: 16300
personal computers: 2 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Maromokroto (Tsaratanana) 2876 m, Boby (Andringita) 2656, Tsiafajavona 2643
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Farihy Alaotra
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: a lot of rivers with about the same lenght that drain the east-central mountain range westward
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Nosy Bé, Nosy Sainte Marie
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
official site of the Malagasy Government


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-24 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer