map of Lesotho; source: WR LESOTHO

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Lesotho
country code ISO: LS //; - FIPS: LT
location: Southern Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 30355 sq.km = 11720 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 28° S / South: 31° S / East: 30° E / West: 27° E
borders (land): South Africa
borders (coastline): none
climate: dry mountainous, but with torrential rain storms
Government
independent since: 1966-10-04
type of government: constitutional monarchy
capital: Maseru
administrative division: district (10)
Population
population according to the latest census (1986):1577,536
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2143,141; or: 2035,000 / -; 2001: 2196,000
population density: 71 per sq.km = 177 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,7% //; - doubling time: 28 years
birth rate: 31 - 40 per 1000
death rate: 11 - 16 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 89 per 1000
life expectancy: 48 years (male: 48; female: 50)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 43% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 28% //; - urbanisation growth: 8%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: (Ba)Sotho 99,7% [source CA states: Sotho 85%; Zulu 15%]
languages: Sesotho, English (both official)
religious affiliation: Christian 70% (Roman Catholic 39%, Protestant 14%, Anglican 6%); indigenous beliefs 30%
Health
daily food intake: 2210 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 52%
people per physician: 18600
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 47%
school enrolment: secondary education: 23%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0,6%
adult literacy: 71% (male: %; female: %) [later total figure found: 84%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Loti (plural: Maloti) = 100 lisente
annual inflation rate: 10%
population below poverty line: 26 - 49%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1860 per capita
GNI USD 580 per capita //; - [ppp: 2590]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 580 per capita
import: USD 977 per capita //; - export: USD 109 per capita
trade: USD 350 per capita //; - or 100% of GDP
trade partners: ZA EU Americas
human development index: 0,541 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 120
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 35%
tourism: 0,2 - 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 11% //; - grass land: 66% //; - wooded area: ?% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 23% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 14%
agricultural products: mohair, wool, corn/maize, grains, pulses, sorghum
livestock (1000s): asses: 154 / cattle: 520-700 / goats: 580-800 / horses: 100 / pigs: 70 / poultry: 1500-1800 / sheep: 750-1200
fish catch: 30 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 33% //; - part of industry in GDP: 38%
industrial products: textiles and leather, food and beverages
mining products: diamonds
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 44% //; - part of services in GDP: 48%
energy use (kg per capita): 1280
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 31
Traffic, communication
road network: 4955 km //; - of which paved: 18% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 4 per 1000
railways: 2,6 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 9 - 13 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 569 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 7 - 24 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 7 per 1000
persons per post office: 12500
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Thabana Ntlenyana 3482 m, Mount Aux Sources 3300, Thaba Putsua Range 3096
lowest point: unknown
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Caledon, Orange River
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Maletsunyane 192 m
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer