map of  Gabon; source: WR GABON

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Gabon
country code ISO: GA //; - FIPS: GB
location: Central Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 267667 sq.km = 103344 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 2° N / South: 4° S / East: 14° E / West: 9° E
borders (land): Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Congo Brazzaville
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1960-08-17
type of government: republic
capital: Libreville
administrative division: province (9)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 1011,710; or: 1014,976
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1208,436; or: 1230,000 // - ; 2001: 1262,000
population density: 4,6 per sq.km = 12 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 32 years
birth rate: 27 - 43 per 1000
death rate: 16 - 17 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 124 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 94 per 1000
life expectancy: 50 - 53 years (male: 48 - 52; female: 51 - 55) [differences depend on sources used]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 32% //; - 15-59 years: 59% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 46 - 81% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 66%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Fang 32%; Mpongwe 15%; Mbete 14%; Eshira-Epunu 12%; Bareke [Batéké]; Pygmee 1%
languages: French, Bantu languages (especially Fang, Batéké)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 50%; Protestant 18%; traditional beliefs 19%; other 13%
Health
daily food intake: 2560 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 67%
people per physician: 2790
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 70%
school enrolment: secondary education: 48%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 14%
adult literacy: 63% (male: 74%; female: 53%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 6%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3759 per capita
GNI USD 3190 per capita //; - [ppp: 5360]
GDP growth: 0,1%
income: USD 3780 per capita
import: USD 681 per capita //; - export: USD 1041 per capita
trade: USD 2094 per capita //; - or 89% of GDP
trade partners: FR US DE JP CA GB ES
human development index: 0,617 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 109
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 20%
tourism: 0,15 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 18% //; - wooded area: 78% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 76% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 9%
agricultural products: timber, roots & tubers (cassava, yams, taro), plantains, sugarcane, maize, cocoa, coffee
livestock (1000s): cattle: 39 / goats: 91 / horses: / pigs: 213 / poultry: 3200 / sheep: 198
fish catch: 44772 - 52882 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 11% //; - part of industry in GDP: 45%
industrial products: petroleum products, textiles, food and beverages, wood products
mining products: oil, manganese, uranium, gold, iron, natural gas
CO2 emission per capita: 0,2
services: labour force: 14% //; - part of services in GDP: 46%
energy use (kg per capita): 1342
electricity use (per capita): 700
annual water use (per capita): 57
Traffic, communication
road network: 7535 - 7800 km //; - of which paved: 10% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 14 per 1000
railways: 668 - 814 km //; - railways passenger/km: 34
navigable inland waterways: 1600 km
ownership telephone: 24 - 32 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 119 - 183 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 35 - 136 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 16 - 34 per 1000
persons per post office: 19300
personal computers: 10 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mont Milondo 1020 m, Mont Iboundji 980
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): -
rivers: Ogooué and its tributaries like Ngounié and Ivindo
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
composition of ethnic groups varies per source
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer