map of Egypt; source: WR EGYPT

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Misr
country code ISO: EG [EGY] //; - FIPS: EG
location: Northeast Africa
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 997738,5 sq.km = 385229 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 1002000 sq.km = 386872 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 32° N / South: 22° N / East: 36° E / West: 25° E
borders (land): Libya, Sudan, Israel
borders (coastline): Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea
climate: hot summers, cooler winters; semi-arid to arid
Government
independent since: 1922-02-28 ; 1936
type of government: republic
capital: El-Qâhirah [Cairo]
administrative division: governorate (22) + agglomeration governorate (5)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1986): 48205,049 ; (1996): 59312,900 or 61942,914
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 63976,000; or: 64117,452; or: 68359,979 ; 2002: 66372,000
population density: 64 per sq.km = 166 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,3% //; - doubling time: 29 years
birth rate: 25 - 31 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: 320 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 39 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 33 - 83 per 1000
life expectancy: 62-69 years (male: 60-67; female: 64-70)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 39% //; - 15-59 years: 54% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 45% //; - urbanisation growth: 2,8%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 39%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Egyptian 99%; minorities of Sudanese, Syrian, Bedouin, Nubian, Palestinian, Berber, Beja, Armenian, Greek
languages: Arabic ; Nubian, Sudanese, Berber ; French and English also as trading language
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 94%; Coptic Christian 5%; Protestant 1%; Greek Orthodox, Jewish
Health
daily food intake: 3282 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 64% [later figure found: 97%]
people per physician: 472 - 1300
people per hospital bed: 495
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 97% [later figure 100%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 81% [later figure 86%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 20% [later figure 39%]
adult literacy: 56% (male: 67%; female: 44%) [PG: 49%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Egytian pound = 100 piastres, or 1000 milièmes
annual inflation rate: 8% [3%]
population below poverty line: 23%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 635 - 790 per capita
GNI USD 1470-1530 per capita //; - [ppp: 3670-3810]
GDP growth: 2,5-4,5%
income: USD 620 - 790 per capita
import: USD 11739 per capita //; - export: USD 3444 per capita
trade: USD 184 - 211 per capita //; - or 19% of GDP
trade partners: US DE FR IT CIS IL FR SA GB CN JP IN
human development index: 0,635 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 105
female labour force: 30%
unemployment: 8 - 12%
tourism: 5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: < 2% //; - wooded area: 0,1% //; - arid land and desert: ca 95%
agriculture: labour force: 34% [PG: 42%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 17-18%
agricultural products: cotton, rice, maize, sugar, meat, beans, fruits, wheat, vegetables
livestock (million): asses: 3 / buffalos: 3,4 / camels: 0,1 / cattle: 3,5 / ducks: 9 / goats: 3,3 / pigeons: 10 / poultry: 99 / sheep: 4,4
fish catch: 380504 - 724407 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% [PG: 21%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 30-33%
industrial products: oil refining, cement, textiles, iron and steel, fertilizers, chemicals, food processing
mining products: oil & natural gas, phosphates, manganese, uranium, gypsum, iron, limestone
CO2 emission per capita: 1,7 - 2,2
services: labour force: 54% [PG: 37%] //; - part of services in GDP: 50-52%
energy use (kg per capita): 709
electricity use (per capita): 900
annual water use (per capita): 956
Traffic, communication
road network: 51925 km //; - of which paved: 78% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 23 per 1000 // international license plate: ET
railways: 4810 - 8600 km //; - railways passenger/km: 47922
navigable inland waterways: 5300 km (Nile + Suez Canal)
ownership telephone: 46 - 104 per 1000 // international dialling code: +20
ownership radio receivers: 265 - 336 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 126 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 64 per 1000
persons per post office: 8280
personal computers: 22 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Gebel Katherina 2637 m, Gebel Mûsa (Mt. Sinai) 2285, Gebel Shâyib el Banât 2187
lowest point: 133 m below sea level (Qattâra depression)
lakes (natural): Bitter Lakes, Birket Qârûn
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Buheirit Nâsir (Lake Nasser)
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Nile
canals: Suez Canal, Tur'at el Ismailiya
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: unkmown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Lybian (Western) Desert, Sahara el Sharqiya (Eastern D.), Sinai
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
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