map of Angola; source WR ANGOLA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Angola
country code ISO: AO [AGO] //; - FIPS: AO
location: SW Africa on Atlantic coast
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 1246700 sq.km = 481354 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 4° S / South: 18° S / East: 24° E / West: 12° E
borders (land): Congo (Brazzaville), Congo (Kinshasa), Zambia, Namibia
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1975-11-11
type of government: republic
capital: Luanda
administrative division: provincia (18, previous 21)
Population
population according to the latest census (1970): 5646,166; or: 5673,046
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10145,267 //; or: ; 2001: 13134,000 //; or: 2002: 13121,000
population density: 10,5 per sq.km = 27 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,7% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 44-45 per 1000
death rate: 17-18 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 260 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 136 - 154 per 1000
life expectancy: 46-47 years (male: 44,2; female: 48,5)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 48% [45] //; - 15-59 years: 48% [50] //; - 60+ years : 4% [5]
urbanisation: 34% //; - urbanisation growth: 6,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 64%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%; KiMbundu 23%; BaKongo 13%; Liumbe, Humbe, Chokwe, Lunda, Ambo(Ovambo), Naneka, San
languages: Portuguese and native tongues, of which the main ones are: Ovimbundu (Umbundu), Mbundu, Kongo, Khoisan
religious affiliation: Christian 70% [=Roman Catholic 44-51%; Protestant 15-20%]; traditional beliefs 30-34%
Health
daily food intake: 1920 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: estimates ranging from 38 - 57%
people per physician: 12985 -20000
people per hospital bed: 845
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 91%
school enrolment: secondary education: 12%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0,8%
adult literacy: estimates ranging from 40 - 60% (male: 56 - 71%; female: 28 - 46%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: [Novo] Kwanza (Kz) = 100 lwei
annual inflation rate: 100 - 660%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 10111 per capita
GNI USD 710 - 1180 per capita //; - [ppp: 1840]
GDP growth: -6 - +3%
income: USD 410 - 620 per capita
import: USD 2042 per capita //; - export: USD 3179 per capita
trade: USD 281 per capita //; - or 128% of GDP
trade partners: PT US FR DE JP BR NL GB BE ES ZA CN TW
human development index: 0,422 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 146
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: 2% [unofficial: 50%]
tourism: 51000 - 67000
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2 - 3% //; - grass land: 23% //; - wooded area: 42 - 56% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 69 [73]% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 12 [8]%
agricultural products: cassava, sugarcane, bananas, maize, sweet potatoes, millet, coffee
livestock (million): cattle: 3,3 - 4,1 / goats: 2,1 / pigs: 0,8 / poultry: 6,4 - 6,8 / sheep: 0,25
fish catch: 72189 - 238351 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 10% //; - part of industry in GDP: 43 [68]%
industrial products: agricultural products, petroleum products, textiles
mining products: diamonds, crude petroleum, natural gas & oil, iron, gold, phosphates, lead, zinc, manganese
CO2 emission per capita: 0,5
services: labour force: 17% //; - part of services in GDP: 45 [24]%
energy use (kg per capita): 88
electricity use (per capita): 173
annual water use (per capita): 57
Traffic, communication
road network: 72626 km //; - of which paved: 25% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 14 - 18 per 1000 // international license plate: ANG
railways: 2771, 2952, or 3189 km //; - railways passenger/km: 326
navigable inland waterways: 1295 km
ownership telephone: 5,5 - 6 per 1000 // international dialling code: +244
ownership radio receivers: 39 - 54 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 15 - 51 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 11 per 1000
persons per post office: 162000
personal computers: 1,1 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Morro de Môco 2619 m, Tama 2490, Serra da Chela 2306
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none of great extension, nor of importance
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Cuanza, Cuango, Cuando, Cubango, Cunene, Cuito
canals: unknown
waterfalls: Ruacana (in Cunene River) 124 m
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
due to the long period of instability there are hardly trustworthy and recent data available

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer