map of  Ethiopia; source: WR ETHIOPIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Ityjop'ya
country code ISO: ET (ETH) //; - FIPS: ET
location: Northeast Africa
time zone: + 3 UT
surface (land) area: 1133380 sq.km = 437598 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 1251282 sq.km = 483123 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 15° N / South: 3° N / East: 48° E / West: 33° E
borders (land): Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan
borders (coastline): none
climate: moderate in the highlands, hot arid in lowlands
Government
independent since: ca 1000 BC ; 1896 ; 1941 ; 1993
type of government: republic
capital: Adis Abeba
administrative division: region (8), towns (2) ; NB: this division is constantly changing
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1984): 39480,954 or 39868,501 ; (1994): 53477,265
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 64117,452; or: 64298,000 //-; 2001: 64317,000 //-; 2002: 67218,000
population density: 51 per sq.km = 133 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,6% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 45 - 48 per 1000
death rate: 18 per 1000
fertility rate: 8 children per female
maternal mortality: 2000 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 114 - 124 per 1000
life expectancy: 42 - 45 years (male: 44; female: 46)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 17% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 37%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: [ca 80] Galla (Oromo) 31%; Amharic 30%; Sidamo 9%; Tigrinya 9%; Somali 4%; Guage 3%
languages: Amharic, Galla (Orominga), Tirginya, Italian, English, Somali
religious affiliation: Ethiopian orthodox 37 - 53%; Sunnî Muslim 32 - 45%; traditional beliefs 5 - 17%; other Christian 10%
Health
daily food intake: 1805 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 24%
people per physician: 32650
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 38-46%
school enrolment: secondary education: 15-16%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 36% (male: 46-47%; female: 26-31%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Birr (Br) = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 6 - 7%
population below poverty line: 82%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 100 per capita
GNI USD 100 per capita //; - [ppp: 660 - 780]
GDP growth: 2,4 - 4,6%
income: USD 120 per capita
import: USD 772 per capita //; - export: USD 202 per capita
trade: USD 12 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: IT CIS US DE JP NL SA CH CN IN GB DJ
human development index: 0,321 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 158 [FW 2003: 169]
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,125 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13% //; - grass land: 41% //; - wooded area: 25% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 80% [FW 2002: 82%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 47% [FW 2002: 40%]
agricultural products: cereals, sorghum, coffee, cotton, timber, sugar cane, pulses, oilseed
livestock (million): asses: 5 / camels: 1 / cattle: 35 / goats: 17 / horses: 3 / mules: 0,6 / poultry: 55 / sheep: 22
fish catch: 10414 - 15858 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 8% //; - part of industry in GDP: 13% [FW 2002: 12%]
industrial products: textiles, food processing, chemicals
mining products: oil, gold, platinum, copper, potash, salt
CO2 emission per capita: 0,0 - 0,1
services: labour force: 12% //; - part of services in GDP: 40% [FW 2002: 48%]
energy use (kg per capita): 290
electricity use (per capita): 21
annual water use (per capita): 51
Traffic, communication
road network: 28500 - 39842 km //; - of which paved: 15% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 1 per 1000
railways: 681, or 782 km //; - railways passenger/km: 277
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 3 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 167 - 202 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 4 - 6 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 10 per 1000
persons per post office: 97500
personal computers: 1 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Ras Dashen Terara 4620 m, Batu 4321, Guma Terara 4231, Guge 4203
lowest point: 116 m below sea level (Afar depression)
lakes (natural): T'ana Hayk, Abaya Hayk, Ziway Hayk, Finch'a'a Hayk, Ch'we Bahir, Abhe, Lake Turkana
lakes (artificial reservoirs):
lakes (deepest):
rivers: Blue Nile, Awash, Tekeze, Akobo, Omo Wenz, Genale Wenz, Shebeli
canals: none
waterfalls: Fincha 155 m
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Ogaden, Haud, Danakil
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
some data may still include figures of the since 1993-05-24 separated country Eritrea
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Parliament of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia


Latest modification of this page on 2004-10-15 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer